Canvas stretcher frames, Oil painting grounds
Turpentine (Oleum terebinthinae)
     Тurpentine (Oleum terebinthinae) is obtained by the distillation of the balm, oozing from coniferous trees. It serves as a thinner for paints or varnishes.

Turpentine-resin varnish is obtained in the following way: Dammar resin or mastix resin is put into a thin cloth (cheese-cloth, gauze) which is tied with a thread. The pouch that is formed is “hanged” in a wide vessel in a way that it does not touch the sides or the bottom of the vessel. We pour three volumetric parts (according to the resin) turpentine oil. Penetrating through the walls of the pouch the turpentine oil dissolves the resin.
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| History | Kinds of oil colours | Bases | Canvas stretcher frames, Oil painting grounds | Turpentine | Kinds of brushes |